May 11, 2019

Claim: “Shayad desh mein…shayad..koi ho sakta hai..mujhe malum nahi..maine pheli bar digital camera ka upyog kiya tha 87-88 mein shayad. Aur us samaya bahut kam logon ke pas email rehatata. To mere yahan Viramgam tehsil mein Advaniji ki sabha thi. Toh maine woh digital camera par unki photo li. Tab digital kamera itna bada ata tha, mere pas tha ussamay. Maine photo nikali aur maine Delhi ko transmit ki. Aur dusre din colour photo chapi. Toh Advaniji ko bada surprise hua ke Delhi mein meri colour photo aaj ki aaj kaise chapi.”

( “I used a digital camera for the first time in 1987-88. At that time very few people had access to email. I took Advaniji’s picture during his address in Viramgam tehsil and transmitted it to Delhi. And the next day a coloured pictured was published. Advaniji was surprised to see the photograph published on the very same day.”)

Fact: False. The first commercial digital camera, the Kodak 100 was sold in 1991, India launched its first public internet service–capable of only sending text over email–on August 15, 1995, and privately held companies started services in 1998.


Explanation: “In 1987, there was no commercially available digital camera that could be used by the public,” said Prasanto Kumar Roy, media and digital consultant.

In 1975, Steven Sasson, an engineer at Kodak invented the world’s first digital camera, which captured black and white images at a resolution of 0.1 megapixels. The first digital camera–called “electronic still camera”–was patented in 1978, but Sasson was not allowed to publicly talk about it outside Kodak.

The first modern digital single-lens reflex camera was created by Steven Sasson and Robert Hills in 1989, according to this 2015 New York Times blog, “Kodak’s first digital moment”.

The first prototype of a megapixel digital camera appeared in 1986, and the first commercial model–the Kodak DCS (Digital Camera System) 100, a 1.3 megapixel charged-coupled device fitted on a Nikon film camera body, in 1991. The DCS 100 is often cited as the first true commercially available digital camera, sold to well-heeled photojournalists for $10,000 to $20,000.

Internet services in India were launched on 15th August, 1995, by the Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited (acquired in 2008 by the Tata conglomerate and renamed Tata Communications). The government opened the telecommunications sector to private companies in November 1998.

The Education and Research Network (ERNET) was started by the department of electronics (DoE) for academic networking, connecting eight institutions.

“The year 1986 saw a dial-up link… for email exchange… between NCST and [Indian Institutes of Technology] IIT-Bombay,” wrote Srinivasan Ramani, one of the founders of the Indian academic network, in 1983 in the book Netchakra, an excerpt of which was published by television channel News 18 on August 14, 2015.


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